Matthew 2:3-8 says, “When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him; and assembling all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born. They told him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for so it is written by the prophet: “And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a Ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.” Then Herod summoned the wise men secretly and ascertained from them what time the star had appeared. And he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and search diligently for the child, and when you have found him, bring me word, that I too may come and worship him.”
Well, it appears that not everyone is as happy about the birth of the King as the wise men were. Herod the King, known also as Herod I and/or Herod the Great was the appointed King of the Jews under the authority of Rome. History teaches us that Herod was ruthless. He killed his wife, many of his sons, and many family members during his reign. If he was this way with his own family, can you imagine what he would have been like to the people? Also, you aren’t placed as King in Jerusalem if you’re a big deal in Caesar’s or Rome’s eyes. If you’re big wig in Rome – they keep you in Rome! To put it in perspective, placing Herod in Jerusalem is similar to once playing for the Atlanta Braves at Turner Field to playing 3rd base coach for church softball. It is not career move marked by improvement or success. All this to say, Herod was oppressive.
Upon hearing the news from the wise men that the Christ had been born, he was troubled, and if Herod is troubled, you can bet the whole city was trembling. After all, this Christ had to be a great King to call such men of renown out of the affluent east to all the way to dusty Jerusalem. This prompted Herod to inquire as well and ask his learned men, the chief priests and scribes saying, “Where is the Christ to be born?” They answered him honestly and said, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for it is written by the prophet, “And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a Ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.” In answering Herod the priests and scribes quote Micah 5:2, and this was no small prophecy to quote at this time. You see, Micah 5:2 describes the time when the time when a King will come from the little city of Bethlehem. But Micah doesn’t refer to just an ordinary king, but the King. This King, Micah says, is from of old, from ancient days. This King is nothing less than the Messiah, the Christ, the Lord of all Lords, the King of all Kings! Can you understand the position of Herod? He is King in Jerusalem and to his knowledge he has just learned that One who has been foretold and has now come. In Herod’s eyes this Christ, this Messiah, this Savior, is a political problem, a threat to all that is established by Rome in Jerusalem. It must be stopped before it has a chance to begin. And that is exactly what Herod intends to do.
At this point, we don’t know how it happened but Herod secretly had the wise men brought to him and from them Herod learned what time the star had appeared. So after learning these things, Herod sent the wise men to Bethlehem saying in 2:8, “Go and search diligently for the child, and when you’ve found Him, bring me word, that I too may come and worship Him.” Of course we have here a great display of something we see all too often throughout history and in our day – the incorrect and corrupt use of religion to serve the purpose of political power. It is plain to us that Herod will not worship this Child, but will try with all his might to end the boy’s life before Jerusalem is overthrown. If this it is plain to us, you know it was plain to the wise men.