The advent hymn ‘What Child is This?’ is one of my favorites because it answers the question of who and what Jesus came to be and say. Taking the cue from this wonderful song, let’s ask a question today: according to Matthew’s gospel what child is this?
In Matthew 3:13-4:11 we see three answers:
a) Jesus came to bring New Creation:
In Genesis 1:2 the Spirit of God hovered over the waters of creation, and in Exodus 14:21 a ‘strong wind’ (‘wind’ also being ‘spirit’ in Hebrew) drove back the waters of the Red Sea making way for God’s people to safely go through. Here in this passage the Spirit of God similarly hovers over the Son of God at His baptism in the Jordan River. In each of these moments we see the Spirit hovering over water. It is not a coincidence that we find all of this same Genesis 1:2 and Exodus 14:21 activity at Jesus’ baptism. Just as the Spirit hovered over the waters of the creation of the world in Genesis and just as the Spirit hovered over the waters of the Red Sea in the creation of Israel in the Exodus, so too the Spirit hovered over Jesus in the waters of baptism to teach that Jesus came to, not to bring creation, but a to bring a new creation. Therefore it is no coincidence that when Paul is speaking of salvation in 2 Cor. 5:17 he states that those who repent and believe in the gospel become ‘new creations.’
b) Jesus came to be the True Israel:
In Exodus 4:22 God calls Israel His ‘firstborn son’ and in 1 Cor. 10:2 Paul calls Israel’s passing through the Red Sea their ‘baptism.’ Question: where did Israel, God’s son, go after they were baptized in the Red Sea? Into the wilderness. Second question: where did Jesus go after His baptism in 4:1? Into the wilderness, led by the Spirit. Is it a coincidence that we see the almost the exact same Holy Spirit activity at work in the Exodus and Jesus’ baptism? No, it’s not. God planned for it to be this way to teach us that with the coming of Christ not only comes a new creation, but that a new and greater exodus comes as well. An exodus in which God will once again save His people, not from Pharaoh, but from the greater pharaoh of ‘Satan, sin, and death’ and will take His people a new and greater promised land. So Jesus, by being baptized and going into the wilderness, replays the story of Israel in His own life. The difference shines through when we see that while Israel was unfaithful in their wilderness, Jesus is faithful in His. He is the true Israel. We also see echoes of this when we read in both Hosea 11:1 and Matthew 2:15 “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”
c) Jesus came to be the True Adam:
There are even more similarities between Jesus’ temptation in Matthew 4 with Adam and Eve’s temptation in Genesis 3. Both Adam and Jesus are tempted to eat food God has forbid. For Adam it was fruit, for Jesus it was stones. In both tempting’s the devil used the same bait, ‘Did God really say?’ ‘Adam, did God really say you wouldn’t die?’ ‘Jesus, did God really say He would always care for You?’ Again Jesus, by being tempted by the devil with the same bait, replays the story of Adam in His own life. The difference shines through when we see that while Adam was unfaithful in his tempting, Jesus is faithful in His. He is (praise God!) the true Adam.
What Child is this? According to Matthew He is the One who will bring new creation, and the One who will be the True Israel and True Adam.